It is also known as no man’s land. The territory situated south to the parallel 60 of the austral hemisphere is open to scientific exploration and any military activity is forbidden.
The name of the continent means “opposite to the Arctic”(in Greek, arktos means bear-the connection is not with polar bears, but with the constellations of Bears). Although in Antiquity, the geographers believed in the existence of a territory in the southern sees similar to the northern one, Antarctica was officially recognized in 1820, when a Russian expedition (Mikhail Lazarev si Faddey Faddeyevich Bellinsgauzen) laid eyes for the first time on the frozen continent.
The attractions of Antarctica are :
-Erebus volcano, active, 3794 m, on the Ross island
-Aurora Australis – something that you should not miss
-”The Diamond Dust”- meteorological phenomenon which takes place because of very low temperatures, when ice crystals go up and form clouds and optical effects
- Penguins-the most spectacular and cute are the Imperial Penguins(The March of Penguins was filmed there, on the Adelie Island)
-Seals(which eat penguins)